to Z Index
these letters About EJ
EJ Phillips Facebook Fan Page
Hotel life and
Hotel letterheads have
given me a real sense of the "Gilded Age" as the images on hotel stationery get
larger and more opulent, particularly in the 1890's. The frequency of
"absolutely fire proof" (Note the 1890 Nadeau
in Los Angeles "practically fireproof") is a reminder of how often theatres and
hotels burned down. However few 19th century hotels survive -- even the
ones still here, such as the Palmer House in Chicago and Williard in Washington
DC are not the same buildings. What is also obvious is that EJ Phillip's
companies usually stayed in the best hotels in town. In the last two
decades, there has been an uprising...of splendid hotels, as well as an
enlarging and beautifying of those already built...The list includes the
Hollenden Hotel, as well as the Narragansett in Providence, the
Iroquois in Buffalo, the Russell in Detroit, the Plankinton in
Milwaukee, the Coates House in Kansas City, the Portland in
Portland, Oregon and the Tacoma in Tacoma, Washington." [
1895] All of these were hotels EJ Phillips stayed at -- and
wrote letters from -- and were the newest and most luxurious hotels in town.
The strenuous business of travel
Atlanta Baltimore Boston
Denver Detroit Kansas
City Los Angeles
New York Niagara Falls Omaha
Saint Louis Salt Lake City
San Francisco Seattle
Montreal, Jan 1, 1895 See by today's paper that the
Delevan House in Albany was burned last night. I have stopped there many
E.C. Delevan erected
the hotel in 1844 at a cost of over half a million dollars. It burned down in
1894 and the site was used to build Union Station. http://www.gendisasters.com/data1/ny/fires/albany-delavanhouse1894.htm
Delevan was a wealthy individual. He financed NYS Temperance Union. Built
Delevan House Hotel in Albany. Known to have sent support to Anti-Slavery Kansas
settlers. New Yorkers active in the Underground Railway, New York History Net
http://www.nyhistory.com/ugrr/people.htm DAB look up
In 1845 he [EC Delevan]
established one of the first temperance hotels, Delavan House in Albany, which
became a favorite resort for abstinent legislators. The hotel, however, lost
money, and, much to Delavan's annoyance, the manager used a loophole in the
lease to introduce liquor.
Born near Maidstone in
Kent on June 24th 1815 the first Woollett apparently emigrated in 1834. He first
appears in an Albany directory in 1845 when he listed himself as William L.
Woollett Jr., Architect of the Delevan House. The Delevan House, a
massive classically inspired hotel which covered a full block on Broadway, on
the current site of Union Station, is also attributed to another local
architect, J.W. Adams, in the 1845 Albany City Guide. As a young man and
newcomer to Albany it seems likely that Woollett worked under Adams for this
major commission. The Delavan House burned to the ground, with much death and
devastation, when filled to capacity on New Years Eve in 1894. Like the Delavan
House, many of Woollett's buildings have been lost in the course of the past
century. His best known surviving works - Our Lady of Angels R.C. Church
(1869), Emmanuel Baptist Church (1868-71), and a delightful picturesque
English Gothic chapel (or schoolhouse according to one source) added in 1866 to
the Church of the Holy Innocents - date from the period of his
partnership with Edward Ogden from 1856 to 1870.
Chas. F. Dodge, Mgr. Open all the year Cable address
Peachtree Street from
Hotel Aragon, 1895
Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide lists rates at the Aragon as
$2.50 and $2.
Opened 1892, Corner of Peachtree and Ellis, demolished 1930 to make room
for the Collier Building postcard 1910
Photo, Southeast Corner Peachtree and Ellis
The Hotel Aragon stood on the northwest corner of the block now occupied by the Georgia
The Eutaw 1891 1892
Sylvanus Stokes, Proprietor
Eutaw House, a large and fashionable hotel built on the northwest corner of
Eutaw and Baltimore Streets
Monument Street West, FH Nunns, Manager
105 West Monument St, built 1859, opened as the Mt Vernon Hotel in 1867. "Its
rooms could accommodate 75 guests; single rooms rented for $1 a night and suites
rented for $10. It is reported to have been one of the leading hotels of the
day. Acclaimed actor Edwin Booth - brother of John Wilkes Booth - stayed here
when he was performing in Baltimore." The hotel closed in 1994 and was sold.
"currently the headquarters of The Oxford
Club, LLC Photo and history
Theatrical Guide lists rates at the Eutaw as $1.00 and up and at the Mt. Vernon
as $2.00 and up.
We may first note a few of the
hotels which were making history in Boston. One of the oldest of these, then
modern, hostelries is the United States Hotel at Beach and Lincoln
Streets. It was built in 1824, when it was regarded as an enormous structure,
and certainly the largest hotel in the city. It has been enlarged several times
until it covers two acres. In its early days it was the favorite stopping place
for celebrities visiting The Hub. Nineteenth Century Hotels in the United States,
Antiques Digest, orig. published 1927
King's Dictionary of Boston
the United States Hotel is "one of the oldest of the established hotels of the
city, and one of the best, enjoying an excellent reputation in every respect.
Its seal dates back to 1826". It was on Beach Street, between Lincoln and
Kingston, in the Leather District on the edge of what is now Chinatown. In 1883 it took up the entire block and was
three [or four] stories high. Daniel Webster lived there at one time, and Charles Sumner
entertained Dickens there.
US Hotel, 1886
Tilly Haynes was
the proprietor of the United States Hotel. S[he] drew both maps. The larger map
is titled "New map of Boston giving all points of interest..." The second,
somewhat smaller map is "Bird's eye view of Boston Harbor..." The maps and the
brochure accompanying have many ads for the U.S. Hotel, which ties in to the
fact that they were drawn by the "Resident proprietor" of the Hotel. The maps
are very well done. This may be one of the few times that a cartographer managed
a hotel. David Rumsey Map Collection
Hei La Moon restaurant serves dim sum
United States Hotel, Boston, Sept. 7, 1887
Yesterday I went with Messr's
Salvini to see the Bostons and Philadelphians play. Phillies won. I
will send a Globe with the score of the game to you. The Philadelphians are
stopping at this hotel.
Jan 29, 1891 letter US Hotel
United States Hotel,
US Hotel 1893
Hotel Bowdoin 1895
Hotel Bowdoin site 1-6 Bowdoin St. now an 11 story office building, with offices
from Mass General Hospital and Senator John Kerry.
Square has changed considerably
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bowdoin_Square_(Boston) since Scollay Square
was demolished and Government Center built in the 1960s, but at one earlier
point had both the Bowdoin Hotel and Bowdoin Theatre. The Hotel burned in
1902 and was described in a New York Times article as primarily an actors'
hotel. Just beyond this on Cambridge, going towards the Charles River are
Old West Church, built 1806,
the 1796 Harrison Gray
and Mass General Hospital
http://www.massgeneral.org/history/ , founded 1811.
Phillips never stayed at the Parker House (opened 1854) she must have walked
past it on the way to the
Museum. Did she ever have their Boston cream pie?
Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide lists rates at the United
States Hotel at $15.00 per week [more than $2.00 per night], the Parker House at
$1.50 and the Vendome at $5.00. No rate is listed for the Hotel Bowdoin,
though the Bowdoin Square Theatre is mentioned.
Hotel Iroquois Oct. 1890
Wooley & Gerrans, Absolutely Fire Proof
http://www.buffaloah.com/h/iroqH/index.html Buffalo Architecture and
History The Iroquois Hotel was first opened for
business in the city. August 3rd, 1889, though it was for the greater part
rebuilt in 1901 (Architects: Esenwein & Johnson), to meet the new and
greater demands of Pan-America year.
Originally the Richmond Hotel, which burned in 1887. Presently the site of M
& T Bank.
Stafford & Co. March 1895
Sept. 20, 1895
Coming to Buffalo? Try the Genesee, European Plan from
1.00 up, American Plan from 3.00 Up, Commercial Trade Solicited Sept. 1895
Now part of the Hyatt
in Buffalo, though what remains dates from 1923-1924. 530
Main Street 1882-1922
Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide lists hotel rates as $3.00 and up for the Iroquois,
$2.50 for the Genesee and $2.00 and $1.50 for the Mansion and the Stafford.
St. Charles Hotel GT Alford, Proprietor Julius Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide lists hotel
rates For the St. Charles as $2.00 and $2.50.
Central Hotel, Feb.
16, 1897 Gresham & Campbell, Proprietors
Charlotte is a very pretty place, and I find myself in the hotel where Mr. Kirby
died Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide gives rats for the Central Hotel
as $1.50 to $2.00.
The Mansion House, built in 1840, which changed
its name to Central Hotel in 1873, and continued to operate until the late
1930's, on the southeast corner of Trade and Tryon Streets, was, for many years,
considered the finest hotel between Richmond and Atlanta. http://digitalcollections.uncc.edu/cdm/ref/collection/p15483coll1/id/816
While the Briggs House was not as luxurious as the Sherman House or the Palmer
House, a pre-fire observer could still comment that it “has always been
celebrated for the comfort, neatness, quiet, and admirable order of its
appointments, and also for the excellence of its table and the general
hospitality of it proprietors.”
Rebuilt after the 1871 fire, and stood until 1928
Boston, May 30, 1886
We are to be in Chicago
seven weeks. I hear the lowest terms at Palmer House (where I wanted to
stop, it being near the theatre) is $3 per day rather more than present salary
will warrant me paying. So I do not know where I shall stop.
Tremont House 1886, 1887
John A. Rice & Co., George A. Cobb, George S. Ross
Palmer House, Oct. 18, 1888
History with photos of earlier hotels
Photo of hotel replaced in 1920
Third of the four Palmer Houses (present building was built in the 1920's).
Also in 1880/1881.
J. Irving Pearce, Proprietor 1889
Randolph Street between Clark and LaSalle, Chicago
Hotel Sherman, Jazz Age Chicago
Michigan Ave. Boulevard & Jackson St.
Warren F. Leland, Proprietor
Lake Front The view from this hotel is unsurpassed by any in the world
called the Stratford, previously the Gardner House, then Leland Hotel 1872 -
East Harrison St. and
South Wabash Ave. intersection in the Loop, Chicago Daily News, Feb 8. 1908
Adams St North on
Dearborn shows the Palmer House 1893
Sherman House, Oct. 19, 1893
World's Fair 1893, J.
Irving Pearce, Proprietor
There are a great many strangers now in town [for the
Exposition] - every street is crowded - they are coming and going all
the time and the number of Express wagons loaded with trunks going to & fro from
hotels and Depots is astonishing.
Chicago, Nov. 2, 1893
Yesterday I had
to watch the great gathering of the people at the City Hall, which is just
opposite this hotel, to pay their last tribute of respect for their late
Harrison who was so suddenly killed last Saturday.
Alvin Hulbert & W.S. Eden, Proprs, GA Cobb, Manager
Cor. Lake And Dearborn
Streets, The Astor House of Chicago, Alvin Hulbert & WS Eden, Proprietors, EH
Kirkland, Manager May 1896
Nineteenth Century Hotels in the United States,
Antiques Digest, orig. published 1927
Jan. 20, 1893
A hotel built in 1849-50 on the northwest corner of Third and Vine streets in
Cincinnati, a site formerly owned by Judge Jacob Burnet. Designed by Isaiah
Rogers (1800-1869), the Burnet House stood until 1926 when it was replaced by
the Union Central Building Annex. Rogers, already famous as the architect of
Boston's Tremont House, the Astor House in New York City, the 1840-41 Exchange
Hotel in Richmond, Virginia, and the New York and Boston Merchants' Exchanges,
was called to Cincinnati by the projectors of the new hotel shortly after he had
completed New York's Astor Place Opera House.
When the Burnet
House opened on May 3, 1850, it was hailed as a hotel of unparalleled luxury.
The Illustrated London News, a paper not noted for praising America, is said to
have called it "the finest hotel in the world!" According to the Cincinnati
Gazette of January 23, 1850, it measured 212 feet along Third Street and 209
feet on Vine Street. The central section was crowned by a dome 42 feet in
diameter supporting a Corinthian cupola which commanded a panoramic view of the
Ohio Valley from 100 feet above ground level. The walls were "stone-lined with
brick, having a space between them, and the outside . . . plastered with a solid
composition." Wide steps "of easy ascent" led to the Ionic hexastyle entrance
portico. The large central courtyard was spanned by an iron lattice bridge,
invented by Rogers, which led to "Gentlemen's Private Closets."
On the ground
floor, stores -- including a barber shop and a cigar store -- flanked passages
to the 78- foot- square barroom which contained thirty cast-iron Doric columns.
The main floor contained a large marble- paved entrance hall, ladies' and
gentlemen's public rooms, and 110-by-50-foot nah dining room, a spacious ladies'
dining room graced by four Corinthian columns, and a children's dining room --"a
A total of 342 rooms
provided lodging for about 550 guests. On the third and fourth stories were a
number of parlor and bedroom suites, "each having a water closet and bathroom
attached." Every floor had hydrants in case of fire, the building was
gas-lighted throughout, and according to one source, the call bells worked
Cleveland, Nov. 17, 1893
I do not know
where I shall stop in Cincinnati. The Burnet House I did not like
last Winter. It was expensive and not particularly comfortable.
Palace Hotel, Cincinnati, Nov 23, 1893
Sixth and Vine, northwest corner, opened 1882,
1897 Theatrical guide lists rates for the Burnet House as $3 single and $2.50
double, for the Palace as $2.50 single and $1.50 double.
Nov. 17, 1893 This is a splendid house. Wish I had one like it
Superior Ave. and Bond, East 6th St.,
The HOLLENDEN HOTEL, once the most
glamorous and colorful of Cleveland's hostelries, opened on 7 June 1885
… Designed by architect GEO.
F. HAMMOND, it boasted
electric lights, 100 private baths, and fireproof construction, a lavish
interior with paneled walls, redwood and mahogany fittings, and crystal
chandeliers. Politicians claimed the dining room and made it famous as a meeting
Replaced by 14 story
hotel 1965, demolished 1989, now a 32 story office building.
Cahn's 1897 Theatrical guide lists Hollenden rates as $2.50 and up.
American Hotel Corner High and State Streets, opposite State Capitol 1895
Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide gives the American Hotel rates as $2. operated from
1837 to 1895 according to Historic Hotels of Columbus, Ohio and was across from
the State House, often housing governors and frequented by legislators and city
politicians. Ceased operating as a hotel but became stores which remained until
St. James 1886, 1888 [Curtis St between
15th and 16th, opposite Tabor Opera House]
The Windsor Aug. 26, 1890
I telegraphed you yesterday
of my safe arrival, but did not write for we were unsettled about our rooms, and
indeed are still. We have been promised better ones, but this hotel, as well as
all the others are so full that we had hard struggling to get rooms of any
sort. I have nothing of interest to write. What I see of the City is from the
upper story of this hotel.
Denver map 1908
The Russell House
WJ Chittenden, LA McCreary
Chittenden & McCreary, Proprs. 1892
Proprietor May 1896
There wasn’t much to Detroit when S.K. Harring opened the National Hotel on Dec.
1, 1836, on the southeast corner of Campus Martius. The city was a sleepy hamlet
of only about 9,000 people, and nothing that stood downtown then stands today.
The hotel would go through a string of owners, each growing and remodeling parts
of it. Then, in 1857, William Hale bought the property and hired the
architectural firm Anderson & Jordan to overhaul the building. It was then
leased to W.H. Russell, who opened it as the Russell House on Sept. 28, 1857.
The Russell would be the city’s leading hotel for nearly half a
century, and it was the center of Detroit’s social scene. “It is first class
…(with) comfortable elegance everywhere abounding,” the Detroit Free Press wrote
at the time of the hotel’s opening. “In all respects, the house is (a credit) to
its projector, to the city and the West.” The Russell continued to morph over
the years, with sections being torn down and rebuilt and additions being tacked
on in attempt to keep up with Detroit’s growing population. Over it’s 48-year
existence, the Russell would completely be transformed, looking nothing at the
end like it did in the beginning.
Absolutely Fire Proof, Wm. P. Beyer, Prop.
1897 Theatrical Guide lists rates as $2.50 to $3.50 and The St. Claire as $2 to
Hotel Ste. Claire
The Ste. Claire opened June 8, 1893, on the northeast corner of Randolph and
Monroe streets. It was built by the prominent Brush estate, and it quickly
became the city’s finest and most popular hotel and the center of the growing
city’s social life. It also was the first fireproof hotel erected in Detroit,
according to “The City of Detroit” by Clarence Monroe Burton.The Ste. Claire was
one of Detroit’s swankier hotels at the time and boasted 140 rooms. It was a
smaller - and cheaper - alternative to the more lavish Russell House and
original Pontchartrain, which were down the road on Campus Martius. Built in the
Dutch/Flemish Renaissance Revival style, the Ste. Claire looked like something
out of old Europe.
United States Hotel City Hall Square Ryan, Clark & Daniels, Proprietors
1892 Cahn's 1897 Theatrical guide lists rates the US Hotel as $2 and up,
and as being one block from both theaters.
Indianapolis Dennison 1893 135 North Pennsylvania St
the Denison Hotel was considered one of the city’s finest. Despite shaky
beginnings, the Denison stood for over fifty years on the southeast corner of
East Ohio and North Pennsylvania Streets. In 1870 a group of investors started
to build a large hotel, but the construction was not “vigorously pushed” and the
project languished. The unfinished, four-story brick structure was nearly
destroyed by fire in 1874. A few years later, political mover-and- shaker John
C. New, along with Cincinnati businessman John M. Denison and a few others,
bought the ruins and built a hotel much more elaborate than originally
conceived. Although it was officially named the “New-Denison Hotel,” after the
principal investors, it was more commonly referred to as the “Denison Hotel.”
Located at the intersection of Pennsylvania and Ohio Streets and Massachusetts
Avenue, the 250-room hotel thrived. It featured restaurants, billiards, a bar, a
drug store, and a separate ladies’ entrance. In the 1880s and ‘90s the
Republican Party often gathered at the Denison and President Benjamin Harrison
often met with local residents in the dining room when he returned to
Indianapolis…. In the late 1920s Norman A. Perry and his sister Ruth (Perry)
Griffith, heirs of Charles Coffin Perry, bought the financially troubled hotel
due to its busy location. Striving to make the busy corner profitable, they
astutely recognized the city’s need to accommodate more automobiles and razed
the old hotel in 1933 for a parking garage.
K. Coates, Prop. Tenth and Broadway 1887
Estate of K. Coates,
Henry Weaver, Manager 1888, 1890
The NEW COATES
Coates Opera House on Diagonal Corner Best Attractions Only
Kansas City, Mo Septr 29th 1896
Coates House and Coates Opera House, Kansas City Public Library http://www.kclibrary.org/?q=blog/month-kansas-city-history/last-night-opera-house
built in 1889–1891 incorporating parts of an earlier hotel, which had been built
in the late 1860s as the Broadway Hotel and then become the Coates House after a
change in ownership. In 1978, when it had become primarily single-room
transients, it burned in the deadliest fire in the city's history. It was
subsequently restored and is now an apartment building....It
was a five-story brick building with a mansard
It did not prosper, and in 1870 Coates acquired it and it was renamed the Coates
House. In the 1860s, Coates had built an opera house diagonally across 10th
Street; it and the hotel catalyzed the development of a wealthy neighborhood. Beginning
in 1886, Coates added a new wing at the south end; President Grover
his wife Frances stayed
there in October 1887.
had died in April 1887. Beginning in 1888, his widow and family demolished the
original hotel and rebuilt it on the same site as the New Coates House Hotel,
while enlarging Coates' addition. President Benjamin
Harrison stayed in the addition in 1890,
before rebuilding was complete. The new hotel opened on January 10, 1891. This
building, the northern section of which survives, was designed by Van
Brunt & Howe; it has six stories and is of
brick with stone ornamentation and stone courses on the upper floors, and
white-painted stone with brick courses on the first floor. A balcony extends
across each of the two main facades, on Broadway and 10th Street. The building
originally had a crenellated parapet
inscribed with "Coates House" on both main facades, and turrets or belvederes at
the corners; these have been removed, as have the chimneys. It originally formed
a rectangle around a central courtyard; the four-story east side, which housed
services such as laundry and storage and rooms for employees, was later mostly
demolished, leaving a U-shaped building.The
new hotel had a marble main staircase and offered services including a barber
shop, a florist's, a bonnet shop, and Turkish
remained a prestigious hotel for several decades;
Hotel Imperial, RW Farr, Manager
1897 Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide lists rates at the Hotel Imperial as $2
for a single, with an ad quoting $2 to $4.50 per day.
Gay and Clinch Streets photo
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Imperial_Hotel_-_Knoxville,_Tennessee.JPG Opened about 1894 burned
Charles W. Davis, Proprietor [add letterhead]
White Sulfur Springs
Famous Health Resort
The Saratoga of Canada
in connection with the hotel
Great attraction to visitors seeking health
CW Davis, Treas., AD Holman, Man
Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide gives rates for Tecumseh house as $2 and $1.50.
HW Chase & Maynes Proprietors, Jos. Schreiber, Jr.
Manager Sept. 1888
Aug. 1890 "practically
A visit to Old Los
Angeles, The Hotel Nadeau, said to be the first four story building in Los
Angeles, now the site of the Los Angeles Times building, southwest corner of
Spring St. and First St. In the old Spanish days, this site was a flat stretch
of ground which Angelenos would make use of on the occasion of a community
Los Angeles and the Hotel Nadeau
Hotel Ramona, Cor. Spring and Third
Streets, FB Mallory, Prop, Sept. 1896 Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide
lists rates at the "Ramina" as $1.50 and $1.25. An ad gives the European
plan as 50 cents and American plan $1.50 and $1.75 up.
The Willard, Feb. 1893, Nov. 1893
WS Miller, Jr. Manager, Rates $2.50 per day
1897 Theatrical Guide gives rates as $1.75 and $1.50.
The Park Hotel, Geo. A. Lougee, Prop Cahn's
1897 Theatrical guide gives rates as $2-$3.
Peabody Hotel We know that EJ Phillips
performed in Memphis in the years 1871-1874, and at least one entry in her
account books records a three night stay in 1873 at the Peabody in Memphis for
The original Peabody Hotel was built in 1869 at the corner of Main and Monroe
Streets by Robert Campbell Brinkley, who named it to honor his friend, the
recently deceased George
hotel closed in 1923 in
preparation for a move one block away. The building was demolished and
Lowenstein's department store was constructed there.
current Peabody Hotel building, on Union Avenue, is an Italian
designed by noted Chicago architect Walter
W. Ahlschlager. Construction
began less than a month after the old hotel closed. The
new hotel was built on the previous site of the Fransioli Hotel, a structure
which looked nearly identical to the original Peabody Hotel. The
new hotel opened on September 1, 1925.
2018 April 14
AL Chase, Manager
Plankinton House hotel
Hotel Davidson, Nov 8, 1893 Rooms
single or En Suite
EUROPEAN Absolutely Fire Proof, E.T. Dorman, Manager I left Chicago on Sunday 3
PM and arrived here at 5:15 PM. Wish all my railroad trips could be so short.
I am comfortably located in the above hotel and it is adjoining the theatre.
Everything is new, clean and elegant. Consequently I regret we remain here only
Absolutely Fireproof European Plan
E.T. Dorman, Manager, Restaurant Sixth Floor Finest Turkish Baths in the City
Another undated piece
of Davidson stationery reads Rooms Single or En suite, with or without baths,
Hotel and Theatre
Countless stage greats played the Davidson Theater at 621 N. 3rd St.
Its playbills included stars like Sarah Bernhardt, Al Jolson, Eddie Cantor, Irene Dunne, Boris Karloff and Fred Allen... Built in 1890 by two Davidson brothers from Chicago, it was damaged heavily by fire four years later. Luckily, no one was
in the theater when the fire broke out,
but a troupe of midgets that
had been playing there
to capacity audiences was rescued from
the adjoining Davidson Hotel by Charles Harris, composer of
"After the Ball."
The Davidson was rebuilt and
was one of
several Milwaukee theaters where legitimate plays were presented.
Its theatrical history was interrupted occasionally by films.
"The Birth of
was shown there
at prices ranging from
a quarter to
But changing demands of audiences led to
the final curtain in 1954. It was remodeled in 1955 for business use,
and was torn down in 1963.
Hotel Davidson photo Vintage Milwaukee postcards 2006
1897 Theatrical guide gives rates for the Plankinton as $2.50- $4 and lists the
Davidson but without rates.
The Windsor 1894
GW Swett, Manager
Queen's Hotel, Jan 1, 1895
Windsor & St. James. St.
EM Mathews, Manager
& [Marcus] Mayer gave a little supper to the Company at the Windsor Hotel, and I
went, and it was nearly 2 AM when I got back to this hotel. A nice way for an
old lady to begin the New Year.
The sun is just
bursting forth to smile on the New Year - a happy harbinger, I hope of good luck
to us all. I have steam heat in my room, and it is turned off and I have to
have the window open - on New Years day 1895. A strange thing for this part of
the world. And I do not think it healthy.
See by today's paper
that the Delevan House in Albany was burned last night. I have stopped
there many times. Albany needed a new hotel, but the loss of life is
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windsor_Hotel_(Montreal) accessed Nov 26, 2010
Opened 1878 closed 1981, "often considered the first grand hotel in Canada.
The Windsor hotel
(built in 1878) was a luxurious hotel at the corner of Dorchester blvd. (now
known as René-Levesque Blvd.) and Peel street, on the west side of Dominion
square (now known as Dorchester square). It, unfortunately, burnt down inn 1953
but the annex still remains. The annex was renovated in the 80s as an office
Orleans No hotel name for the 1897 trip, just the address 1044 Carondolet St.
(but they did arrive in the middle of Mardi Gras. New Orleans Population
Nineteenth Century Hotels in the United States,
Antiques Digest, orig. published 1927
Hotel Broadway & 21st St. Geo. F. Atherton
above Park & Tilford's Grocery Store
Mar. 5, 1894 I hope you will be able to come over and see me this week. I
have Matinees Wed & Sat. Take 23rd St ferry and car to Broadway. I have come
to this hotel with Mr. & Mrs. [Herbert] Ayling, $7 per week for room on the 5th
floor but there is a "lift" after arriving at the 1st floor. I think I shall
prefer it to Mrs. Johnsons. The entrance to this house is on Broadway. You
cannot miss it. If I am satisfied with this house I shall remain here next week,
making the journey to Brooklyn by Broadway car, Bridge & Brooklyn Elevated to
Park Theatre. If I do not like it, I shall move over to the Clarendon in
Brooklyn next week.
New York Nov. 19, 1890
Brunswick hotel to hear
address the Goethe Society. Subject "The Stage". Heard nothing new but the
subject was nicely put together, and very clearly delivered by Mrs. Kendall who
has a very sweet toned voice.
Brunswick Hotel was on Madison Square at Fifth Avenue and 25th
Street "much favored by English tourists and is patronized also by the wealthy
young men about town". [Kings NYC?]
http://www.nysonglines.com/27st.htm 27th St and Fifth Ave South
Handsome red-brick Gift Building was formerly the Brunswick Hotel, noted
as the home of the Coaching Club, which held carriage parades up 5th Avenue. On
July 14, 1880, on the 16th day of a celebrated 40-day fast, Dr. Henry S. Tanner
stopped here and drank two ounces of water. It's now "the premiere international
in an 1887-'88 14th Street Theatre program reads "Table d' Hote Dinner at the
Hotel Brunswick from 6 to 8 p.m. $1.50 The restaurant a la carte is open until 1
o'clock for the accommodation of Theatre parties."
west side were expensive hotels, including the white marble Fifth Avenue
Hotel (opened 1859) and the Hoffman House
Hotel Madison Square West, opened 1859, and was
demolished in 1908.and replaced by the International Toy Center in the
Fifth Avenue Building, 200 Fifth Ave.
The International Toy
Center replaced the Fifth Avenue Hotel (1858-1908), once the most
exclusive hotel in NYC. Cornelius Vanderbilt and cronies would trade stocks here
after hours. Setting of Gore Vidal's 1876. Earlier was Franconi's
Hippodrome (1852-59); before that was Corporal Thompson's Madison Cottage,
roadhouse described by New York Herald as "one of the most agreeable
spots for an afternoon's lounge in the suburbs of our city." New York Songlines,
http://www.nysonglines.com/5av.htm#10st Fifth Ave and 10th St.
In 1860 the Prince of
Wales stayed at the Fifth Avenue Hotel at 23rd Street, establishing the social
credentials of what is now Chelsea in Manhattan.
A Future for
Madison Square's Historic Past, Madison Square
Historic District, NY Times July 21,2001
New York, Jan 24, 1892
I rehearse at
11 tomorrow and at 3 PM have to attend a "tea & reception" at the Holland
House [Hotel] [30th St & 5th Avenue] given by the committee of "The
Actors Fund Fair" to be held in May at the
Square Garden. I suppose the object to-morrow will be to see what
everybody concerned is willing to do, to make the affair a success.
Collegiate Church and Holland House photo
Named for Lord
Holland's mansion in London, it was considered one of the premier hotels in the
world when built in 1891. New York Songlines Broadway & 30th St.
there, photos and commentary, Ephemeral New York
Opening described Dec 6 1891
Peteler, SE Corner of 124th Street & Lexington Ave
Apr. 12, 1893 Well I came up here and am very glad I came. My room is not
as large but the other conveniences [bathrooms?] are better. I am half a block
from back entrance of theatre -- board is very good, and I get it for $9 per
week -- quite a save on $20.
Hotel St. Denis
was at Broadway and
11th Street, opposite Grace Church. "A few minutes walk above the St.
Denis is the brilliant Union Square and the shopping district extends on
all sides...The Broadway cable cars pass the doors almost every minute."
Feb. 17, 1893
I do not yet know where I can put
up, for all the rooms are occupied at
Nagles, and the
hotels of which there are many in the vicinity, are expensive. But I am
going to try the Hotel Dane or
New York, Mar. 14, 1893
in the City yesterday and went to [Hotel] St Denis at 4:40 PM.
New York, Sept. 8, 1895
Afternoon I had a very pleasant visit with Kittie Fay Peregoy. She and her
husband are stopping at the [Hotel] St Denis.
Rossmore Hotel Broadway, 41st and 42nd
Boston, Oct. 1, 1887 Tomorrow we leave here at 4 PM for New
York. I am going with Mr. & Mrs. [Louis F] Massen to the Rossmore, 41st
and B'way. Mr. Massen thinks I can make terms there to suit me for the winter.
At all events I shall stop there until I can find something to suit my pocket-
book. Of course I would prefer being nearer the theatre than 41st, although
B'way cars are very convenient but always crowded.
Oct. 4,1887 I arrived 10:30 Sunday night and came with
Mr. & Mrs.
[Louis] Massen to this hotel where Mr. Massen thought, and tried to make
terms for me, but in vain. Everything is too high for me. Nothing less than
$25 per week that would be fit to live in. I can have 3rd story front room
heated for $8 per week [at 50 West 24th St., with breakfast, but taking lunch
and dinner out] and in the long run I think, be cheaper than anything else, and
when I feel like eating I shall not be tied down to boarding house fare. In the
hotels I cannot get anything comfortable under $4 per day, and have to waste a
great deal of time in being waited on.
Between 28th and 29th
Street, on the east side of Broadway (1186 Broadway), the
Barrymores often had a suite here (before moving to an apartment on 59th
Street and Fifth Avenue in 1890).
Boston, Sept. 28,
1887 Hattie wants me to go to a hotel, but I am afraid New York Hotels are
beyond my means. The
is recommended to me as reasonable for the hotel, but not for me. I had to pay
$16 per week last winter after Hattie left me. I can get good room and board at
Sturtevant for $17.56 per week.
York, Jan.4, 1897 I located in the above [Sturtevant]
this afternoon a little before 4 o'clock. Tried the New Amsterdam
-- but they had only two single rooms vacant -- both dark and about the size of
[grandson's] Ted's bedroom - would not have held my trunks.
The "tasteful, elegant,
and ample" Union
Square Theatre in the center of the Union Place Hotel, on 14th
Street, on the south side of Union Square, between Broadway and 4th Avenue, was
designed and build by architect HM Simons for brewer-politician [and
partner] Sheridan Shook.
Hotel was at the southeast corner of 15th and Union
Square West. Single-tax advocate
died here, October 29, 1897.
http://www.nysonglines.com/4av.htm and East 15th St
5th Ave. and 33rd.
St. [now site of the Empire State Building]
Mar. 19, 1893
The New Waldorf Hotel was opened on Thursday to the Public and everybody
is amazed at the magnificence displayed. Only $20 per day for a suite
consisting of Parlor, bedroom & bathroom. Meals extra. It is on the European
plan. I guess we could live there for about $40 per day, $280 per week. Not
much for a Rockefeller or Vanderbilt but the Astors will never get it out of
this child. Cause why? She hasn't got that much & never will have. And if she
had, would not spend it so foolishly.
The Hotel Waldorf
was built by William Waldorf Astor and "said to have cost $5,000.000." It
was twelve stories high and "abounding in loggias, balconies, gables, groups of
chimneys, and tiled roofs. One of the chief features is the interior garden
court, with fountains and flowers, walls of white terra cotta, frescoes, and
stained glass." (Kings
between West 33rd and 34th Sts. This block was the site of two mansions owned by
the Astor family--the northern half was owned by Caroline (Mrs. William)
Astor... The southern half held the mansion of her nephew, William Waldorf
Astor, which inspired the fashion for mansard roofs. Feuding over who had the
right to be referred to as "Mrs. Astor," the nephew in 1893 replaced his house
with the Waldorf Hotel, designed by Henry Hardenbergh, in order to spite his
aunt. (Waldorf was John Jacob Astor's hometown in Germany.) Caroline Astor
responded by replacing her own home with the Astoria Hotel, also designed by
Hardenbergh, which were combined in 1897 to create the Waldorf- Astoria (though
Caroline insisted on the right to re-separate the hotels at any time). ... U.S.
Steel was born at the hotel in 1901. The Waldorf salad was invented there in
1896. In 1929 the hotel relocated uptown, and the Empire State Building was
built on this site. New York Songlines Broadway and 6th Ave.
Kaplan, Justin, When the Astors Owned New York: Blue Bloods and Grand Hotels in
a Gilded Age, Viking, Penguin Group, 2006
Williams, Ellen and Steve Radlauer, Historic Shops & Restaurants of New York,
New York: The Little Bookroom, 2002
chapters on bakeries and sweet shops, cafes and coffee roasters, Italian
restaurants, Jewish delicatessens, restaurants, saloons and wine shops and
steak and chop houses.
86 & 88 Park Place, Opp. Military Park
H. Koellhoffer, Prop'r
Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide lists the
Park rates as $1.50 and $2.
New Port, R.I.
Feby 8th 1894
Open all year
W.I. O'Brien, Proprietor
Cahn's 1897 Theatrical guide lists the rates for the
Perry Hotel as $2.50 single, $2 double.
1892 "I have not been to the Theatre yet. It is only three blocks
distant from this hotel." [hotel not specified.]
1894 Hotel Kaltenbach
Search for Andreas Kaltenbach
1895 Fronting State Park and Rapids, American Side
1878-1920s "one of the
leading hotels in Niagara Falls".
The Murray B. Silloway, Propr., 14th & Harney, 1890
the leading and most successful hotels in Omaha on the American Plan ...
erected four years ago by Mr. Thos Murray and is named after the owner. A
spacious six story and basement building contained 100 rooms. All the
rooms are well ventilated and handsomely furnished. The sanitary
arrangements are perfect in every detail and the means of escape in case of fire
ample. The Murray is equipped with electric lights, annunciators, elevators,
steam het, hot and cold water in every room... Sixty competent help are
employed. Mr. B Siloway the proprietor was born in Vermont, but has resided in
the West for the past twenty years. Pen and Sunlight Sketches of Omaha and
environs, page 113, 1892
Ralph Kitchen, Manager 1896
Brothers CW, WT and JB Kitchen built the first
Paxton Hotel for about $250,000. They named it after Omahan
William Paxton, a frontier entrepreneur active in cattle
production, railroading and freight. Among some of the prominent
guests who stayed at the Old Paxton were “Buffalo” Bill Cody and
William Jennings Bryan ... The Paxton Hotel, formerly known as
Paxton Manor and currently known as The Paxton, is
located at 1403 Farnam Street in
USA. Designed by local architect Joseph G. McArthur, the
current building was constructed in 1928, with its predecessor
dating from 1882. Named for local businessman and community
William A. Paxton, today the building houses luxury
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paxton_Hotel accessed Aug
Early Omaha Digital Collections, Omaha Public Library
Collonade House EJ Phillips paid $6.50 to stay at the Collonade
for a Philadelphia engagement in August 1872.
Stood 1832-1925 on the
Southwest corner of Chestnut and 15th St. between Rittenhouse and Logan Squares.
Site of the October 1872 Republican convention which nominated Ulysses Grant.
Stratford Hotel, now the Bellevue Hyatt
building opened 1904
Saints & Sinners being
so late on Friday night I could not catch the 1:17 train, so I took a room at
the Stratford Hotel, Broad Street for the night, and did not return here until
after performance of Jim on Saturday night
Nineteenth Century Hotels in the United States, Antiques Digest orig. published
Hotel Schlosser Nov 1894
We are playing at the "Alvin" Theatre, almost
adjoining this hotel.
European Plan, Cor. Sixth & Penn Ave.
GC Dellenbach, Proprietor, Fred S. Avery, Manager, Nov. 1896
Portland, June 21, 1890 You see I am living in a fine
house and kept by Chas. Leland. All furnished in [Charles] Eastlake [Arts and
Crafts] style and quite new.
The Portland, Sept. 15, 1896
HC Bowers, Manager
Wish we were booked
here for a week, Hotel and Theatre both comfortable, and only across the street
from each other.
hotel in the city is named “The Portland,” and is under the management of
Mr. Charles E. Leland, one of that family of brothers so famous for their
hotels. From the hills of Portland can be distinctly seen the snow-capped
peaks of Mt. Hood, Mt. St Helens and Mt. Rainer. At the wharves are to be
seen ships of all nations discharging and receiving their cargoes.
Wonderland; or, Twelve weeks in and out of the United States. Brief account
of a trip across the continent--short run into Mexico--ride to the Yosemite
Valley--steamer voyage to Alaska, the land of glaciers--visit to the Great
Shoshone Falls and a stage ride through the Yellowstone national park. By
Edward S. Parkinson CHAPTER VI. PORTLAND AND SHOSHONE. One of the wonders of
the Pacific Coast is the new Hotel Portland, opened April 7, 1890, at the
metropolis of Oregon. This beautiful specimen of French-chateau architecture
is built in the shape of the letter H, with north and south wings 50 by 200
feet in area, and a central wing of 50 by 100 feet, each being eight-
stories high, and built of gray basaltic rock and brick. This immense and
luxurious home for travelers , with its elegant furnishing and equipment,
cost three quarters of a million dollars, and contains every possible device
for comfort and content. Its 350 rooms are heated by steam and lighted by
electricity, and provided with the most ingenious protection against fire.
Amid the Wilton carpets and rose-silk-plush upholstery, the carved oak
buffets and silverplate, the shining mirrors and mahogany furniture of this
modern hostelry, one must realize that the old Northwest, with its perils
and hardships, has passed away forever. The manager of the Portland is
Charles E. Leland, for many years proprietor of the Delavan, at Albany, the
Clarendon, at Saratoga, and the Rossmore, at New York, — one of the Leland
family whose name is indelibly associated with the hostelries of this
Century Hotels in the United States, Antiques Digest, orig. published 1927
Portland, location now Pioneer Courthouse Square
Designed by Charles Follen McKim. Begun 1882, completed 1890. Closed 1951.
Portland Hotel stood between Southwest Morrison and Yamhill, on 6th Street
(now called 6th Avenue), facing the
... When Pioneer Courthouse Square was built on the site in 1984, the iron
scrollwork gate of the hotel was incorporated into the design. Much of the hotel's original stone
foundation remains under the square's sidewalks
In 1887 the
leading bankers subscribed over $500,000 to complete the Portland Hotel,
whose foundations Henry Villard had abandoned after his bankruptcy. Opened
in 1890 across Morrison Street from the Marquam Grand Opera House, it was a
massive six-story masonry building with an interior court for carriages; for
fifty years it was a downtown landmark.
Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide gives rates for the Portland as $2.50 and $3.
Providence Rhode Island
Theatrical Guide lists the rates at the Narragansett as $2.50
The Narragansett Hotel (1879) hosted many
famous guests, including the Providence Grays baseball team that won the
first World Series in 1884. Demolished in 1960, it was a parking lot until
Broadcast House (WJAR Channel 10) was built in 1979. Providence
The Narragansett House was completed in 1878,
Walker and Gould architects. "Seven story masonry structure" located next to
the City Hotel on Weybosset Street, "remained the prime hotel in the city,
well into the twentieth century" .
Ford's Hotel opposite Capitol Park, Rates reduced to
$2.50 and $3.00 per day, Comfortable coaches run to and from all stations &
steamboat landings, AJ Ford, Owner & Proprietor 1893
Golden Eagle Hotel
,WO Bowers, Proprietor 1890
Gray & Titus,
Proprietors Sept. 1896
WO Bowers and the
Golden Eagle Hotel
Historical Archaeology at the Golden Eagle Site: Golden Eagle Hotel and Oyster
History Golden Eagle Hotel
Image and information
Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide lists Golden Eagle rates as $2.50 single $2 double.
Dec. 5 1893
Wm Russell Allen, Pres. JW Wallace, Sec'y & Treas.
HC Lewis, Manager, Absolutely Fire Proof
Opened in 1865. Closed
Fourth and Walnut
The Magnificent Southern Hotel
city of St. Louis at that time was a very crowded place. The population was
almost exactly what it is today (about 320,000), but the city itself was much
smaller.... Although new neighborhoods had been developed away from the
congested riverfront starting in the 1850’s, the city around the Southern
Hotel remained densely populated. The neighborhood around the Southern was also
a very upscale part of town. Grand homes and elegant buildings surrounded the
hotel, especially to the north and west. It was a time when St. Louis was one of
the biggest cities in America, and it could rival the glitz and glamour
of cities like New York and Philadelphia. The Southern was the most luxurious
hotel in St. Louis. Cameron Collins
Kansas City, Oct. 1, 1896
Leave here Saturday
night for St Louis. Give 10 performances there beginning with Sunday night the
4th and ending Sunday 11th with two Matinees thrown in. Real pleasant. It will
be State Fair week and Carnival time. What is troubling us is where we shall be
able to find shelter. The City is expected to be over- crowded.
Lindell Hotel, Oct. 4, 1896
Under New Management, American and European Plan, Jno. F. Donovan, Proprietor,
Redecorated, Renovated and Every Way Improved
Here I am. Arrived
this Morning at 7. Had a hard time finding shelter, but I succeeded in locating
at the above. Four blocks from
[Century] theatre. .
St. Louis Commercial Development
business life centered along Main (First) Street between Walnut Street and
Washington Avenue, until about 1840, when it began a gradual westward expansion.
This movement was accelerated by the Great Fire of 1849, which burned out most
of the area east of Third Street between Walnut and Locust. The City's earliest
surviving buildings, largely of brick or wood frame construction, were destroyed
in the fire. This presented an opportunity to rebuild on more substantial
fireproof lines. The new structures in the riverfront district were generally
four or five stories in height with heavy brick walls faced with stone or cast
iron facades. Most of these were razed in 1940 for the riverfront memorial park.
The levee declined in importance with the lull in steamboat traffic following
the Civil War and the downtown commercial axis had reached Fourth Street by
1870. During the period preceding and immediately following the War, this street
contained the City's principal hotels, office buildings and stores.
The chief hotels of the period were the Southern at Fourth and
Walnut, the Planters House at Fourth and Chestnut, the Everett House on Fourth
near Locust and the Lindell at Sixth and Washington. The office buildings were
concentrated near the Old Courthouse, which was the focal point of the City's
life at that time. The retail shopping center was at the upper end of Fourth
Street near Washington Avenue, where such stores as Scruggs and the Barr Dry
Goods Company were located. Banking activity centered on Olive and Locust
Streets near Fourth. The principal theaters were the Olympic and the Grand Opera
House located near Broadway and Market Street. Until the early 1880's, the
western fringe of the present business district was residential as far east as
Ninth Street. Broadway succeeded Fourth Street as the business axis in the
period between 1885 and 1895. History of St.
Louis Neighborhoods: Downtown Commercial Developments,
Grove Park is an unusual, elegant 19th century Victorian walking park adjacent
to the Missouri Botanical Garden. The grounds of the 289-acre park are
punctuated with 10 whimsical pavilions, lily ponds, statuary, fountains, and
mock classical "ruins." The park has the most diverse and interesting urban
forest in the central United States with a greater variety of trees and shrubs
than any other urban park in the country. Tower Grove Park was established in
1868 by Henry Shaw, the founder of the Missouri Botanical Garden. It is listed
on the National Register of Historic Places and has been designated a National
Historic Landmark, one of only four municipal parks in the country to achieve
that status. An artificial ruin, a feature often found in Victorian parks
but seldom in America, is built from the stones of the former Lindell Hotel,
which burned down some years ago.
1897 theatrical guide gives rates for the Southern Hotel as $3 up and for the
Lindell as $2 to $4 per day single and $2 to $3 per day double.
Salt Lake City
Walker House and the Continental Hotel, G.S. Erb, Proprietor 1886
The Walker House is a
four story brick structure with 132 rooms. It is located on the west side of
Main Street. It has lately been entirely renovated and handsomely furnished;
also has the addition of a passenger elevator. It is especially noted for its
excellent table, which is abundant in game, fruits, fish etc. Your Guidebook to
the Pacific Railroad, 1879
Walker Opera House. Built in 1882, it was located on the south side of 200 South
Street between Main and West Temple streets. To settle the dispute between the
two theaters, the New York booking agencies agreed to divide bookings evenly. In
1891 the Walker Opera House burned down.
Cullen SC Ewing, Proprietor, Rates $3 PER DAY, CENTRALLY LOCATED
33 West 200 South Lobby
Knutsford GS Holmes 1890
Sept. 22, 1896 I find some changes here in the way of
new buildings. This hotel is new and very nice.
1897 Theatrical Guide lists rates for the Walker House as 50 cents, 75 cents and
$1, the Cullen as $2.50 and $1.75 and the Knutsford as $3 up.
Recent Hotels in the United States, Antique Digest,
orig. published 1927.
and Theatre Corner Powell and Market Streets The theatre was built in 1875. "In 1878
Jackson "Lucky" Baldwin built a magnificent hotel which encompassed the
playhouse and occupied the rest of the block." More under
Built by mining speculator "Lucky" Baldwin in 1877 and destroyed by fire in
1898. Blanche Whiffen (the original Buttercup of
HMS Pinafore) writes in her
autobiography of being in San Francisco with the Madison Square stock company in
1881 with Esmerelda playing the old
mother to Annie Russell in the title role and being "put up at the
Baldwin Hotel, but hotel fires were so numerous that Mr. Whiffen would not stay
in that large wooden fire-trap. He became so nervous the first night that he got
up and walked the room and the lobby until morning, and then hustled me out of
there, to an apartment on Bush Street." Mrs. Thomas Whiffen, Keeping off the
Shelf, New York EP Dutton & Co, 1928
Francisco, Aug. 1, 1886 The City is full of strangers,
the G.A.R., badges are very conspicuous on Men and women. This is Sunday, but
every few minutes a band passes playing Yankee Doodle or Hail Columbia. The
City is ornamented with arches, flags, portraits of the War Generals and in many
places Grant & Lee hang side by side! Tuesday is the day when the grand
procession takes place.
After that the City will soon be quiet again, and I shall be able to get a good
room in the hotel. I am now in the Mansard room, comfortable little room which,
under the circumstances, is better than I expected. We have the New York
division's [G.A.R.] headquarters in this hotel, also Wisconsin and Kansas, and I
think Missouri. With this Grand Army business it seems all the trains are
San Francisco, Aug. 18, 1896
I am once more in San Francisco, after an absence of six years. New people are
running the hotel and all are strange to me, but I have a nice pretty room on
the 3rd floor with sunny outlook, bathroom and large closet all for $2.50 per
day. I used to pay $3.50 for the same accommodation, only room was about 2 feet
(underinsured) Baldwin Hotel burned on Nov. 23, 1898. Albert Nickinson took this
photograph of the ruins in Dec. 1898, upon his return from Honolulu and the
Spanish American War.
Baldwin Hotel ruins December 1898
Baldwin was dealt the
final blow on Nov. 23, 1898, when the Baldwin Hotel and theater complex in San
Francisco caught fire in the early morning hours and burned to the ground. The
fire practically ruined him, because the losses amounted to somewhere around
$2.5 million and his insurance covered only $185,000 of the damage. With the
Santa Anita Ranch and his other properties heavily mortgaged, he had nothing
left to compensate for the loss of his showplace hotel. He did what his
financial condition required him to do and sold his Market and Powell Street
properties in San Francisco to James L. Flood for $1.1 million. The purchase
price was $200,000 above the mortgage held on the site and gave Baldwin some
much-needed capital to start over again. In the summer of 1900, at the age of
72, he set sail for Nome in hopes of recouping his dwindling fortune in the
Alaska gold rush. Debra Ginsburg, "Lucky" Baldwin, A legend larger than life,
California Thoroughbred Breeders Assoc., April 1999
New York Times Nov 24
1898 San Francisco Hotel Fire
Lucky Baldwin heiress
EJ Phillips doesn't
mention the Palace Hotel, but it wasn't far from Baldwin's. It opened in 1875
and was described by Mrs. Frank Leslie in 1877
Chapter 11 and is still in San Francisco
http://www.sfpalace.com/main/history.htm. While it survived the earthquake
of 1906 it required extensive restoration from the subsequent fires.
Brief illustrated history of the Palace Hotel http://thepalacehotel.org/
Tadich Grill 1849 The Story of San Francisco's Oldest Restaurant
The Rainier, HL Gulline & Co. Agents
The Rainier June 26, 1890
am in Seattle! at the above hotel which stands on a high hill overlooking Puget
Sound -- the "Mediterranean of America". The view from my window is indeed very
The Rainier Hotel on 5th Avenue between Columbia and Marion Streets was erected quickly following the 1889 Seattle fire, which destroyed much of
the downtown hotel space. Never a financial success,
the Rainier was
razed around 1910.
AA Seagrave, Proprietor
Corner Third Avenue and Cherry Street Sept. 1896
Seattle Historic Hotels, Robin Shannon 2010
Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide lists rates for the Rainer as $2.50 and $2, for the
Occidental as $1.50 and $1.25.
YoSemite House Sharp Bros. Proprietors, HW Sharp, The
Only First Class Hotel in the City 1890 Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide lists
rates as $2 and $1.75.
August 18 1890
My dear Children,
Left Los Angeles
yesterday at 12:45 PM, Arrived here this morning at seven. Weather awfully hot
-- cool here this morning but at 11 it will be hot.,,, We shall leave by 8 am
train for Sacramento so as to avoid the heat of the day only a two hour ride.
Play "Jim" [the Penman] tonight.
Did the Palmer Company
see any of Yosemite? John Muir and others persuaded Congress to preserve land as
a national park in 1890
http://www.yosemitepark.com/cultural-history.aspx Stockton is 150 miles from Yosemite. so it seems
unlikely the they made that trip.
Stockton was once the gateway to Yosemite. Bay Area tourists stepped off their
river boats at Weber Point and spent the night in swank downtown hotels, perhaps
catching a show at the Yosemite Theatre before boarding horse-drawn coaches for
the long and clattering ride up the Big Oak Flat Road.
Road to Yosemite began right here in Stockton
The Weber House was Stockton's
only first-class hotel for nearly twenty years, but in 1869 it was superseded by
the Yosemite that the time it was erected one of the best in the state. The
building, with a frontage of 102 feet on Main Street, with two wings having a
depth of 60 feet and a central depth of 100 feet, was commenced in October,
1868, and completed in July, 1869, by Hodgkins & Hall, at a cost of $40,000.
The first story contained a reading room and office, together with a barber shop
and bathrooms, a saloon, kitchen and dining-room capable of seating at party
tables 110 persons. The second floor comprised a public parlor and ten private
parlors or suites of rooms with oak, rosewood and walnut furniture, marble
washbowls and Brussels carpets. The sleeping rooms were all well-ventilated and
were equipped with gas; running water and call bells. Speaking tubes in each
hallway communicated with the main office. The bedrooms at the time commanded an
extensive view of the city and county. The hotel was formally opened July 5,
1869, by Alexander McBean, and the owner of the property that day gave a fine
banquet to some 300 citizens and friends. The Eureka Engine Company, of which
Henry Hodgkins was a member, had a dinner there the day previous, Sunday July
4th. The hotel was never a paying proposition and passing through many hands the
hotel was closed when the Hotel Stockton was erected, [late 1880s] and converted
into a lodging house.
An Illustrated history of San Joaquin County, California Chicago: Lewis
Pub. Co., 1890, http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cagha/history/sanjoaquin/sanjoa-1923-192.txt
Stockton may be reached from San Francisco by steamer as well as rail and is an
excellent starting-point for excursions to Yosemite Valley, the Big Trees
and other popular resorts. Appleton's Illustrated Handbook of American Winter
Mrs. Frank Leslie's 1877 trip west describes a visit to Yosemite in
Nov 18, 1892 This is a grand new hotel and elegantly furnished. I
have parlor & bedroom, $3 per day.
On Sept. 17, 1892, the Yates Hotel opened opposite
Syracuse's City Hall at Montgomery and East Washington Streets with a reception
for 4,000 people. Built on the site of the 1891 Montgomery Flats fire,
construction on the hotel took just over one year. The Romanesque Revival
building was designed by Syracuse architect Archimedes Russell. Standing six
stories tall, occupying almost an entire city block, and offering over 250
rooms, the Yates was called "the most elegant hotel outside Manhattan." It
operated for almost 80 years, closing in March of 1971. A few months later, the
final section of the building was demolished, falling into East Fayette Street.
The site of the Yates Hotel is a parking lot today.
Empire House 1896
In 1844, the Mansion House was replaced by the Empire House, a large hotel and
business block that stretched around the northwest corner, from Genesee to
Salina. The Empire block stood until it was destroyed by fire in 1942, only to
be replaced by the Atlantic Building, predecessor of the modern newspaper block
Wm. H. Lee, Manager 1890
The Tacoma, June 23, 1890
This is a great country up
here! And this is a very picturesque town. The cut of the hotel shows the front
looking toward Puget Sound. The street and general entrances are on the other
side, the building being alike on both sides. I have a very nice room with a
view of the surrounding hills and valleys. Wish all my children were here to
see it. . We hear that the hotel there [in Seattle] is better than this one,
but the theatre will not be so comfortable.
Tacoma, June 25, 1890 After Matinee
Well we do go to Seattle for two nights -- returning and playing here on
Saturday night. Do not take our hotel trunks with us.
hadn't really thought about all the baggage until I read this. What sort of
suitcases (overnight bags? carpet bags?) did they travel with on such a short
Nineteenth Century Hotels in the United States,
Antiques Digest, orig. published 1927
1883 — the first year passengers could ride the train uninterrupted from Chicago
to Tacoma — to 1890, the population of Tacoma grew from about 5,000 to more than
30,000. The titanic Tacoma Hotel overlooked the harbor, and from its porch
travelers and writers like Mark Twain and Rudyard Kipling marveled at the speed
with which a city under a volcano could be born. For all its explosive growth
and buzzing activity, no observer (either traveling through or putting down
roots) could overlook Tacoma's most distinguishing presence — the mountain.
Michael Sullivan, A Mountain Calling: The Tacoma Eastern Railroad, Columbia: The
Magazine of Northwest History, 13 (4), Winter 1999
a mountain calling - Washington State Historical Society
in 1884 and considered the grandest hotel north of San Francisco,
opened on August 8, 1884
and occupied an entire block of A Street between South Ninth and 10th streets.
The five-story, 185-room structure — the creation of noted American architect
Stanford White — burned down in 1935. Jack an 800-pound brown bear was a
star attraction in the 1880s, often standing at the bar.
The Rossin House
A. Nelson Proprietor
King & York Sts. 1892, 1893, 1894
Street, opened 1867
Later Prince George Hotel
Queen's Hotel, Front Street, Toronto
The Queen's Hotel was on the site that now holds the Royal York [Fairmont
Toronto has been a tourist destination since at least the 1850s.
Victorian Advertising - Toronto
Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide lists rates for the
Rossin as $2 and up and Queen's as $3 and up.
Troy New York
AMERICAN HOUSE Geo A. Ross Prop.
Troy, N.Y. Novr 13th 1892
Utica NY Butterfield House 1886
John Butterfield built Utica’s largest hotel,
the Butterfield House which opened in 1869 on the corner of Genesee St and
Devereux St., The elegant hotel hosted many important people as they passed
through Utica, including a reception for President Cleveland in 1887.
Buttterfield House, Library of Congress between 1900 and 1915
Vancouver, British Columbia
Telephone 222 The first (and only) hotel stationery to include a telephone
PO Box 572 Sept. 1896
1896 Vancouver City Directory does not give a street address for the Manor House
Hotel, but lists Dansmuir & Pend A Williams mgr, Clive P Wolley prop.
1890 City Directory listed Howe and Dunsmuir as the address. Cahn's 1897
Theatrical Guide lists rates for Manor & Leland as $1.75 and $1.50.
O.G. Staples, Proprietor Late of the Thousand Island House 1891
Willard Hotel (opened 1861) is still in business at 1401 Pennsylvania
Ave, NW, but it is not the building EJ Phillips stayed at or where Julia Ward
Howe composed the Battle Hymn of the Republic. (The present building opened in
1901). Mary Glen had tea there in January 1992 with Linda Barrett Osborne and
Sara Day from her first post- college job at the Franklin Mint (which was
splendid preparation for this project). She also had meetings at the Marriott in
the next block of Pennsylvania Ave. in 2000 and 2001, and was pleased to see how
is (just beyond the Marriott) and how close the White House was and is, and
to be walking in EJ Phillips' footsteps. Cahn's 1897 Theatrical Guide lists rates for
Willard's as $3 to $4.
DeFerrari, John , Historic Restaurants of Washington DC,, 2013
has information on the Willard
The Randall, Cor. Penna. Ave & 15th St.
Jno. T. Trego, Propr., Near Executive Mansion & Opp. US Treasury
1894 I have the White House, Treasury Building and Park in view as I
write and the theatre is next door to me. From my window I can see the late
Gen. Robert E Lee's residence across the Potomac. Arlington the place is called
and now the Soldier's Cemetery where Phil Sheridan is buried & other
Nineteenth Century Hotels in the United States, Antiques Digest, orig. published
The strenuous business of travel
The Pullman [sleeping] Car Co was organized in 1867, the same year the first
hotel or buffet car was built and the first Pullman dinner car was run in 1868.
100 Years of
American Commerce 1895
Climbing Pike's Peak 1883
New York, Feb. 23, 1886
Yes, I think I
shall be happier even travelling to S[an]. F[rancisco] than I should be in
having a four months vacation, although there will be very little money in it,
after hotel bills are paid. Still it will be better than idleness.
Boston, May 27, 1886 Where I shall stop in Chicago
will depend upon how cheap the hotels are. So at first direct your letters to
San Francisco, Aug. 21, 1886
leave Sacramento on Saturday night, closing our performances at the Matinee.
Direct [your letters] to Theatre A M Palmer Dramatic Co at every place -
for I do not know until I get to the different towns, at what hotel I shall
stop. Sacramento has a State Fair going on and Races during the week we shall
be there, so I suppose Hotels will be crowded and terms high.
Portland, July 1, 1890
Since I left
Boston [in May] I have been on the move all the time, and the past two weeks
have been spent on railroads & in theatres. We are here for a week, and
although we are to give eight performances, still it seems a rest to be in one
spot for even a week.
Philadelphia, June 27, 1892 I may have
considerable travelling to do, but I can live at first class hotels as cheap as
I can live in boarding houses in New York.
Baltimore Nov. 1, 1892 I am moving
around so fast that I get very little time to write, but do the best I can. On
Saturday notice was put up that we left after performance for NY, to remain
there over Sunday and leave at 10:10 AM Monday for Wilmington, so I not having
anyone in New York to see, got permission to go on to Phila Sunday 9 AM train.
the Co at Broad St at 12:20. Reached Wilmington at 1:30 or there about.
Played at night and left there nearly 1 AM for this town, reaching this hotel at
3 AM. I did not get up until 12. Took breakfast at 1 and since have been
mending and getting clothes ready for wash.
was a great mistake bringing us from Wilmington last night. We might better
have had our rest there and have come on this Morning. It is only a two hours
ride -- 74 miles I hear is the distance. We are badly managed with regard to
travel and dates.
Wyoming Valley Hotel, Wilkes-Barre Pa, Dec. 30, 1892
We arrived here at 5 PM yesterday, a ride of 12 hours, having
left Johnstown at 5AM . We had a long wait at Harrisburg and took dinner
there. Altogether this has been the roughest, most disagreeable week we have
encountered. Theatre cold & dirty. Hotels not much better but this one is
Washington DC, Jan. 4, 1893
it was too early [5:30 am
New Year's morning] for any of them [Hattie, John and Jack Dolman] to get up, so
I went to bed and had three hours sleep which I much needed, having gone through
a very hard week of travel. Bad theatres & hotels and felt pretty tired.
Richmond, Virginia Jan 10, 1893
that you have the prospect of good sleighing. I am tired of cold weather. I
wish they would take us down to New Orleans You will see we are still jumping
around the map and likely to do so until the 25th of June. We have a lot of
traveling before reaching
Union Square Theatre
on the 20th of March.
Pittsburgh, May 11, 1893 I intend to
take up my quarters in Brooklyn for next week, maybe at the Clarendon, but our
agent has not sent on list of hotels & prices yet and when he does I may change
my mind. Mr.
& Mrs. [George] Giddens are going to stop in Brooklyn so I shall not be
By May 18 she was
staying at the Hotel St. George, Brooklyn.
Cleveland, Nov. 17, 1893
We go to
Louisville for three nights. Then to Evansville 1 night, Lafayette 1 & Peoria
1. Three miserable bad towns, hotels and theatres bad.
Montreal, Jan. 23, 1894
Our trip was tiresome. We
left Rochester at 10:30 AM Sunday, got to Albany at 5 PM, waited there, in
hotel, and sleeper, until 11 PM when we were started for this place. We suffered
more from heat than cold - the sleeper was kept up to Summer heat all night -
and was not at all refreshing but here we are.
Chicago, Aug. 12, 1896 All ready to
leave the hotel for shop where we give the 100th performance in Chicago of
Parisians and go to train as soon after as possible. Well dear I am off
for a long trip. If I can stand it, I will be improved by it, and whatever may
come of it I do it for the best.
Los Angeles, Sept. 6, 1896
Our ride to Sacramento
will be a hot and long one. I thought a little physical preparation would be
wise. We shall be in
14th, 15th and 16th. The ride to Salt
Lake City from Seattle
will be a long hot one, two nights on the road. Also from Salt Lake to Kansas
will be hard, but it will be getting cooler by that time.
Portland Sept 15, 1896 We leave 9AM on Thursday for
Tacoma, about 4 hours ride by rail. From there by boat to Victoria on Friday.
On Saturday by boat to Vancouver, back by boat to Seattle for Monday and Tuesday
next - and from there to
another two nights on train. From there to
which will take two, if not three on train. But then the hardest part of the
travel will be over, but by that time it will have been pretty severe.
Vancouver Sept. 18, 1896 We arrived
here by boat this Morning at 9 o'clock, but I did not get up here to this hotel
until 10:30. We left Victoria at 2 AM having gone to the boat after
performance and went to bed, but the boat did not leave until 2 AM. We return
the same way tomorrow. Going from here to Victoria, change boat there and go
through to Tacoma, or else we would have to get off the boat in Seattle at 4 AM,
not a pleasant hour but by going through we get an undisturbed nights rest and
leave for Seattle at 9. Ride two hours on the water and get there at 11 AM
Monday. Play there Monday and Tuesday and then turn our faces homeward. By the
time this reaches you we shall be about leaving for Kansas City. Then I shall
be over 1500 miles nearer to you.
had a fine house last night in Victoria. Arrived there 5:30 PM and boarded the
boat at 12. Boat started for this place at 2 AM. Did not give me much time to
get an idea of Victoria. I shall be glad when we reach
Will have a few nights rest and hard travel will be over.
Seattle, Sept. 22, 1896 We arrived
here yesterday about 11 AM. Had a foggy trip through Georgian Bay and Puget
Sound. All the beautiful views of the scenery were lost. We have had fog ever
since we reached Portland. We leave here at 4 AM for Portland, remain there
for seven hours and then start for
Two nights or rather three, counting tonight on the train. I do not think the
trains are as tiresome as the boat. We had to take three to get here from
Vancouver, B.C. and all were propellers. And the pumping noise of the machinery
was too tiresome for comfort.
Omaha, Oct. 25, 1896 We closed our
engagement here last night, but do not leave until tomorrow at 10 AM to go to
Des Moines, Iowa. Consequently we have a day of rest here, for the second time
only since leaving Boston last Spring. We are looking for another week of hard
travels before reaching Milwaukee . We shall have six hours of ride tomorrow.
Are due in Des Moines at 4:50 PM. The next day we shall take quite as long in
going to Burlington Iowa]. On Wednesday night we go on board a sleeper at
Davenport to take us to Cedar Rapids, Cedar Rapids to Dubuque and Freeport, Ill
on Saturday night.
are still on the same old lines travelling and playing, but it seems a little
more like hard work. The journeys are long, tire-some & early rising quite
fatiguing. But I hope we shall be able to pull through all right and you,
Albert and Ted will be able to come for dinner at Hattie's on the Sunday after
Pittsburg, Pa Novr 28th 1894
Yesterday I was called to rehearsal and did not rehearse, and today no rehearsal
for the first time in over five weeks. Here I am living next door to theatre,
which is also a great rest to me, and I am beginning to feel quite like myself.
played Camille the past two nights, and the curtain did not fall on last
act until 10 minutes of 12 each night. I being so near theatre got into my room
at "14 of 12" but in New York and Philadelphia it used to be half past 12 before
I got home, and it was very tiring to me.
used to get to 3219 Clifford Street [Philadelphia] at from half past 12 to one
AM every night. Get up at 10, take a breakfast and down to rehearsal, which
would often not allow one time to go home to dinner, but I would get dinner at
restaurant and go back to theatre to dress for performance. On Morning of the
night we produced Romeo & Juliet, it was 5 in the Morning when I got
home, we having a rehearsal after the performance of the Transgressor
which began at 1 AM and lasted for me until 1/2 past 4. Then Hattie & I got
into a cab and arrived home at 5 AM.
Phillips played the Nurse to Olga Nethersole's Juliet.
Pittsburgh, Nov. 30, 1896 I played at
a Matinee on Thanksgiving Day in Toledo, at night, and on Friday night going to
train after performance to be taken to Columbus, where we opened with a Matinee
on Saturday and played Saturday night.
last two weeks that we thought would be comparatively easy turned out not to be,
with the St Louis week the three hardest weeks we have had. We feel tired out
but will have no travelling for a week. And the theatre is almost next door so
I hope to have a little rest before making my appearance in Phila.
Am feeling almost too
tired to be able to rest. Think we shall have only two matinees this week, Wed
& Sat & NO TRAVELLING. Just think what a luxury!
Hotel, Charlotte, North Carolina, Feb. 16, 1897 We
start at 1:30 in the morning for Asheville NC -- get there 3 PM. Next Morning
start earlier for Knoxville -- have a change of cars and get there late in the
afternoon. But Mr. Zack has told me that after that - the trips will not be so
are as follows Knoxville, Tenn., 18th Chattanooga, 19th Birmingham, Ala 20th,
Macon, Ga 21st Sunday, 22nd Savannah, Ga 23rd Charleston SC, 24th Augusta Ga,
25th & 26th Atlanta Ga, 27th Pensecola, Fla [sic], 28th New Orleans for a week.
March 8th Cincinnati Ohio, 15th Phila, 22nd Harlem. This is all I know so far.
I have heard we go to Buffalo and Chicago again -- but not officially. Guess we
will close about 1st of May. I am now going to take a rest - have not had my
clothes off for two nights and feel uncomfortable.
Knoxville, Feb. 17, 1897 Have had some
heavy traveling and loss of sleep. Left Asheville after performance last night
at 1:30 AM. Got here at 4:45 AM. Went to bed soon as I got my room in the
above hotel, and have remained there until 4:30. Am now dressed & ready for
leave after performance tonight at 4:30 in the morning. Get to Chattanooga at
11. Give a matinee at 2 and night performance. Then leave for Birmingham, Ala
but exactly when I cannot say - but the untimely hours and loss of sleep - and
the extra matinee rung in on us.
Saturday will be in Macon Ga., Savannah, Ga. Tuesday Charleston, Wed Augusta,
Ga., Pensecola, Florida and Sunday New Orleans, when we shall have a little
breathing time for a week. By that time hope to be able to tell you where we go
after that - but at present it is doubtful.
Atlanta, Feb. 1897 Play this afternoon
and tonight - and leave very early in the morning for Pensacola Florida. Play
there tomorrow night and Sunday push on to New Orleans where we are to open on
has been a most trying two weeks I have ever gone through in travelling, and I
do not think I could stand another two like them. I look for pretty hard work
and discomfort in New Orleans next week. The crowds will be annoying and the
accommodations very scarce and expensive, but I hope to pull through.
are sending some of the Co home to New York by boat - a five days ride, but Mr.
Zack has said he will try and send me by rail - and I hope he will be
successful. I do not care for boating in March on the Atlantic Coast.
New Orleans, Mar. 2, 1897 I was so tired on reaching
here Sunday Morning and playing Sunday night that I had to put off writing until
today. Great time of Mardi Gras is in full blast and processions and Balls &
are all that people are thinking about. We have had two big houses, but the fun
ends tonight and the Fast begins tomorrow. Then we may not do as well.
have had very hard work for the past two weeks, but this week will not be so
hard, only two Matinees, and no travel. We leave Sunday Morning and are due in
Phila & New York Tuesday Morning, thus ending the long run of
Parisians. I feel that I need a rest and am not sorry -- much as I
dislike to lose my salary.
Acting as a
Cahn, Julius, Julius Cahn's Official Theatrical Guide, Volume 2
information on hotels and railroad stations
updated Dec. 30, 2019
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